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Supply chains of gold produced in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger
Supply chains of gold produced in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger
October 2018

This study examines the current state of the gold supply chains in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger, notably by mapping the actors involved (in production, trade and export) in both the private sector (formal and informal) and the public sector. The study covers industrial production as well as artisanal and small-scale mining and identifies the different risks associated with the gold sectors in the three countries . Given the climate of insecurity created by the activity of terrorist groups in the Sahel, the study pays particular attention to any potential links which may exist between the production and trade of gold in the region and the funding of the activities of these groups. It proposes a series of strategic recommendations for promoting the regional development of responsible gold supply chains.

Key findings
Artisanally-mined gold in the three countries could be equivalent to 50% of industrial production
The risk of human rights violations as well as money-laundering and tax evasion on a massive scale are significant features of ASM
All three countries have seen a recent upsurge in terrorist interference in gold production and dealing