Ensuring meaningful stakeholder engagement in the extractive sector
Ensuring meaningful stakeholder engagement in the extractive sector
February 2017

Companies can contribute to positive social and economic development when they involve stakeholders, such as local communities, in their planning and decision making. This is particularly true in the extractive sector, which is associated with extensive social, economic and environmental impacts.

The OECD has developed guidance for practitioners in the mining, oil and gas industries to address the challenges raised when engaging with stakeholders. The guidance provides a practical framework for identifying and managing risks with regard to stakeholder engagement activities to ensure companies play a role in avoiding and addressing adverse impacts as defined in the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises.

The guidance also includes an assessment framework for companies to evaluate their stakeholder engagement performance and targeted guidance for specific stakeholder groups such as indigenous peoples, women, workers and artisanal and small-scale miners.

Key information
Stakeholder engagement should be integrated into project planning and regular business operations through sharing of decision-making power with interested and affected parties;.
Stakeholder engagement should be driven by stakeholders through ongoing consultation and follow-through.
Stakeholder engagement strategies should prioritise engagement with most severely affected rather than most influential stakeholders.